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Latest Resources and Information on the changes to the 340B Program

Since July of 2020, there have been a number of threats to the 340B program that have come in the form of an Executive Order and changes in policy from several large drug manufacturers. To help stay up to speed with this evolving situation, CHAD maintains a 340B distribution list where important 340B updates are shared. Please email Bobbie Will to be added to our distribution list.  

How 340B supports health center patients :

By lowering how much they must pay for pharmaceuticals, 340B enables health centers (FQHCs) to: 

  • Make drugs affordable for their low-income uninsured and underinsured patients; and,
  • Support other key services that expand access to their medically vulnerable patients.  

Why is 340B so critical to health centers? 

As small, community-based organizations, health centers lack the market power to negotiate discounts off the sticker price. 

Prior to 340B, most health centers were unable to offer affordable pharmaceuticals to their patients.   

How do health centers use the savings generated by 340B?

Health centers invest every penny of 340B savings into activities that expand access to medically-underserved patients. This is required by federal law, federal regulations, and the health center mission.   

  • Each health center’s patient-run board decides how to best invest its 340B savings.   
  • They offset losses on drugs for sliding fee patients (e.g., the $50 loss above).
  • Remaining savings are used for services that could not otherwise be funded. Common examples include expanded SUD treatment, clinical pharmacy programs, and adult dental services.

Executive Orders

What it says: 

Requires FQHCs to sell insulin and EpiPens to low-income uninsured patients at the 340B price.  

Why is that a problem? 

The Executive Order creates a significant administrative burden to solve a problem that doesn’t exist in the Dakotas. 

Health centers already provide insulin and Epipens at affordable rates to low-income and uninsured patients.

What are we doing to address it? 

The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) accepted comments last year on the proposed rule that would have implemented the Executive Order on EpiPens and Insulin. CHAD submitted comments outlining our concerns, along with the National Association of Community Health Centers (NACHC). See NACHC’s concerns about the EO here.

Medicaid Resources

3 areas of concern:  

  • Refusal to ship 340B priced drugs to contract pharmacies 
  • Demands for extensive data 
  • Move from a discount to a rebate model 

Why is it a problem? 

  • Loss of patient access to prescriptions (Rx) at contract pharmacies. 
  • Loss of savings from prescriptions (Rx) dispensed at contract pharmacies. 
  • North Dakota CHCs aren’t able to have in-house pharmacies due to the state’s unique pharmacy ownership law.  
  • The extensive data collection is burdensome and time consuming. It also raises concerns about legal issues that could arise from collecting and sharing such data.
  • The move from a discount model to a rebate model could create serious cash flow issues for pharmacies.  

Four drug manufacturers have stopped shipping 340B priced drugs to most contract pharmacies starting in the Fall 2020. The four manufacturers each have slightly different rules around their new restrictions. The chart below summarizes those changes. 

What are we doing to address it? 

Communicating with Policy Makers

CHAD communicates regularly with our members of Congress on the importance of the 340B program to health centers. We have encouraged them to reach out to the Department of Health and Human Services (HSS) and let them know the impact these changes will have on health care providers in our states.  

Senator John Hoeven sent a letter to HSS Alex Azar on Friday, October 9, and raised many of the concerns that health centers are having with changes to the 340B program. You can read a copy of that letter here.

Along with bipartisan colleagues, South Dakota Congressman Dusty Johnson sent a letter to presumptive HSS Secretary Xavier Becerra on Thursday, February 11. The letter urges Becerra to take four actions to protect the 340B Drug Discount Program:

    1. Penalize manufacturers that are not in compliance with their obligations under the statute; 
    2. Require manufacturers to refund covered entities for unlawful overcharges; 
    3. Halt manufacturers’ attempts to unilaterally overhaul the structure of the 340B program; and,
    4. Seat the Administrative Dispute Resolution panel to adjudicate disputes within the program.



It can be difficult to admit to yourself or your loved ones when using alcohol or substances has been difficult to manage or control. It’s important to know that substance misuse, addiction, and mental illness can happen to anyone, even in the Dakotas. In fact, addiction is a common, chronic disease, just like diabetes or obesity. It’s okay to reach out, to ask for help, or just to get more information.

Health center providers in the Dakotas are doing all they can to address stigma, answer questions, make recommendations, and

provide treatments without judgment. Click here to find your nearest health center and to learn more about their providers and the resources that they offer.

Below is a list of partner organizations for both North Dakota and South Dakota. We will continue to update this list as more information and resources become available.


Treatment Locator (SAMHSA) or find a health center near you.

Strengthening the Heartland 

Strengthening the Heartland (STH) was developed through the collaborative efforts of faculty from South Dakota State University Extension and North Dakota State University Extension. With generous grant support from the National Institute of Food and Agriculture and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, STH is dedicated to providing services that prevent opioid misuse in rural communities across the Dakotas.


Face It TOGETHER provides effective peer coaching to people living with addiction and their loved ones. Coaching is available to any location by secure video. Financial assistance is available to cover the cost of coaching for those impacted by opioid addiction.

South Dakota

South Dakota Opioid Resource Hotline (1-800-920-4343)

The Resource Hotline is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and will be answered by trained crisis workers to assist in finding local resources for you or a loved one.

Opioid Texting Support

Text OPIOID to 898211 to connect with local resources that best fit your needs. Answer a few questions and get help for yourself or a loved one who is struggling.

Helpline Center: Opioid Care Coordination Program

The Helpline Center provides additional one-on-one support for people struggling with opioid misuse or those who have a loved one struggling with opioid misuse. Informational videos explaining the program can be viewed on YouTube.

Better Choices, Better Health SD

Better Choices, Better Health SD offers free educational workshops for adults living with chronic pain. Participants learn skills to safely manage pain and balance life in a supportive group environment. 

Register for an event in your area.

South Dakota Addiction Treatment Services

The Division of Behavioral Health accredits and contracts with substance use disorder treatment agencies across the state to provide quality services to both adults and youth. Services include screenings, assessments, early intervention, detoxification, and outpatient and residential treatment services. Funding assistance may be available, contact your local treatment agency for more information.

DSS Behavioral Health Quick Reference Guide

North Dakota

North Dakota Prevention Resource & Media Center

The North Dakota Prevention Resource and Media Center (PRMC) provides effective, innovative, and culturally appropriate substance abuse prevention infrastructure, strategies, and resources to individuals and communities across North Dakota.

North Dakota Substance Abuse Prevention Basics

Stop Overdose

Lock. Monitor. Take Back.


2-1-1 is a simple, easy-to-remember, free number connecting callers to health and human services information. 2-1-1 callers in North Dakota will be connected to FirstLink 2-1-1 Helpline, which provides confidential listening and support in addition to information and referral.

North Dakota Behavioral Health Human Services 

The Behavioral Health Division provides leadership for the planning, developing, and oversight of the state’s behavioral health system. The division works with partners within the Department of Human Services and the state behavioral health system to improve access to services, address behavioral health workforce needs, develop policies, and ensure quality services are available for those with behavioral health needs.

Contact the NDBHD

North Dakota Behavioral Health Division




Mental Health


COVID-19 Resources

Staffing Resources

Homelessness Resources

  • Homelessness and COVID-19 Frequently Asked Questions – UPDATED February 26, 2021 
  • National Health Care for the Homeless Council: resources and guidance – REVIEWED April 6, 2021 

ND Department Of Health

General Resources & Information

  • North Dakota – Connect with the Public Health Statewide Response Team. You can find your regional contact here. 
  • Sign up for North Dakota’s Health Alert Network (NDHAN) 

SD Department Of Health

General Resources & Information

  • South Dakota – Connect with the Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response at 605-773-6188. Find your regional contact here. 
  • Sign up for South Dakota’s Health Alert Network (SDHAN) here.
  • The Department of Health maintains a variety of listservs that you may find useful in receiving current information on COVID-19 including current guidance and scheduled calls.  

Medicaid Resources

General Resources & Information

  • Medicaid Changes in Response to COVID-19 
    Both North Dakota and South Dakota Medicaid offices have issued guidance for changes to their Medicaid programs as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and response. One noted change is that both states will be reimbursing telehealth visits from a patient’s home. Please visit the FAQ pages for North Dakota Department of Human Services (NDDHS) for information specific to ND’s changes and the South Dakota Department of Social Services (SDDSS) for information specific to SD’s changes.   
  • 1135 waivers:
    Section 1135 waivers enable state Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Programs (CHIP) to waiver certain Medicaid rules in order to meet health care needs during times of disaster and crisis. Section 1135 waivers require both a declaration of national emergency or disaster by the president under the National Emergencies Act or the Stafford Act and a public health emergency determination by the HHS secretary under Section 319 of the Public Health Service Act. Both of those criteria have been met.   

1135 CMS Waiver – North Dakota - UPDATED March 24, 2020
1135 CMS Waiver – South Dakota  UPDATED April 12, 2021 


South Dakota Medicaid has requested flexibility from the federal government through an 1135 wavier to implement flexibility for Medicaid providers and recipients during the COVID-19 public health emergency. 

TeleHealth Resources

General Resources & Information

  • The following health plans in North Dakota and South Dakota programs have announced that they are expanding reimbursement for telehealth visits. 
  • Here is the North Dakota BCBS Guidance.  
  • Here is the Wellmark Blue Cross and Blue Shield Guidance.  
  • Here is Avera Health Plans guidance  
  • Here is the Sandford Health Plan guidance  
  • Here is the North Dakota Medicaid Guidance for telehealth.  UPDATED May 6, 2020 
  • Here is the South Dakota Medicaid Guidance for telehealth. - UPDATED March 21, 2021 
  • Click here for CMS Medicare Guidance for Telehealth UPDATED February 23, 2021 
  • Click here for a list of services reimbursable by Medicare telehealth. UPDATED April 7, 2021 
  • Telehealth Resource Center (TRC) provides information to assist health centers on telehealth and COVID-19 topics 
  • Great Plains Telehealth Resource Center (ND/SD) 

For questions related to telehealth please or 605-351-0604. 

Workforce/Employment Law Resources

General Resources & Information

Supplies/OSHA Resources

General Resources & Information

  • For information on preserving your PPE supply, click here. - UPDATED March 6, 2020 
  • All requests for PPE from the South Dakota Department of Health (SDDOH) must be emailed to, faxed to 605-773-5942, or called into 605-773-3048 to ensure prioritization and coordination of requests. 
  • All requests for PPE and other supplies in North Dakota should be done through the ND Health Alert Network (HAN) Asset catalog system at 
  • Businesses that have the capability to help with fit testing. 


General Resources & Information

CHC Finance & Operations Resources

Insurance Resources

General Resources & Information

North Dakota

The North Dakota Insurance Department issued several bulletins to guide insurance coverage for both insurance providers and consumers during the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • First bulletin addressed coverage for COVID-19 testing. – UPDATED March 11 , 2020
  • Third bulletin ordered insurance companies to follow the same telehealth guidance issued by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. – UPDATED March 24, 2020
  • ND Insurance Department information on health insurance and COVID-19.

Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Dakota (BCBSND)

BCBSND is waiving any co-pays, deductibles, and co-insurance for testing and treatment of COVID-19. They also have expanded coverage in areas of telehealth, prescription drug coverage and others. Visit their website for more information. 

Sanford Health Plan

offering expanded coverage for members during COVID-19. Office visits, tests, treatment are all covered services. Visit their website for more information.

Avera Health Plans

If COVID-19 testing is ordered by a provider, it will be covered 100%, including related office visits, whether it happens in a physician’s office, urgent care center or emergency department.


Will waive member copays, co-insurance and deductibles for in-network COVID-19 testing and inpatient hospital care.

American Rescue Plan Act

On March 11, 2021, President Biden signed the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) into law. The wide-reaching, $1.9 trillion law will impact community health centers (CHCs), the patients we serve, and the states with whom we partner. Below is additional information about the specific provisions of ARPA as they relate to health and health care. We will continue to add information and links as they become available. 

Community Health Center Specific


ARPA includes $7.6 billion in funding for CHC COVID-19 relieve and response. The White House recently announced plans to allocate just over $6 billion directly to CHCs to expand COVID-19 vaccinations, testing, and treatment for vulnerable populations; deliver preventive and primary health care services to people at higher risk for COVID-19; and expand health centers’ operational capacity during the pandemic and beyond, including modifying and improving physical infrastructure and adding mobile units.

Health centers will have 60 days following the upcoming fiscal year 2021 American Rescue Plan Act (H8F) Funding for Health Centers award release to submit information about planned activities and costs to be supported by the funding. Visit the H8F technical assistance page for the award submission guidance, information about upcoming question and answer sessions for recipients, and more.

For detailed information on how this funding is being distributed to health centers, including an interactive map of health centers that will receive funding, please visit the H8F awards page.


Health Resources and Services Administration Bureau of Health Workforce (BHW) received $900 million in new funding in the ARPA to support, recruit, and retain qualified health professionals and students through its National Health Service Corps (NHSC) and Nurse Corps programs. See details here.

CHCs as Employers:

On March 11, 2021, President Joe Biden signed into law the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) of 2021 to provide economic relief during the coronavirus pandemic. The $1.9 trillion measure has several provisions that can be found here that directly affect employers.

Provisions That Impact Individuals & Families

Columbia University study found that the combination of provisions in the ARPA will lift more than 5 million children out of poverty during the law’s first year, and it will cut the child poverty rate in our country by over 50%. Specific provisions include:

  • WIC Program (Women, Infants, and Children) During the months of June, July, August, and September, WIC participants can receive an extra $35 per month for the purchase of fruits and vegetables.
  • Summer Meal Sites for Kids 18 and under
    • The UDSA Summer Food Service Program, available in certain communities, will provide free meals to any child 18 and under.
    • Visit the Summer Meal Site Finder to find your nearest site (Sites are currently being expanded, so check back for updates), or text “Summer Meals” to 97779 or call (866)-348-6479.
  • Local Food Assistance Lists

Dakotas Impact

ARPA Impact on North Dakota and South Dakota

The American Rescue Plan: Impacts on North Dakota and South Dakota

On May 10, the US Department of the Treasury announced the launch of the COVID-19 state and local fiscal recovery funds in the amount of $350 billion, established by the American Rescue Plan Act. Local governments will receive the first portion in May and the remaining 50% balance 12 months later. The funds can be used for the negative economic impact caused by the pandemic, replace lost public sector revenue, provide pay for essential workers, invest in water, sewer, and broadband infrastructure, and support public health response.

The Treasury has posted the portal link for states to request fiscal recovery funds of $1.7 billion for North Dakota and $974 million for South Dakota. This site provides fact sheets, answers to frequently asked questions, and reference guides on how to utilize the funds.

ARPA requires state Medicaid programs and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) to provide coverage, without cost-sharing, for treatment or prevention of COVID-19 for one year after the end of the public health emergency (PHE), while raising the federal medical assistance percentage (FMAP) to 100% for payments to states for administering vaccines for the same period.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ARPA changes to Medicaid can be found here.

Check out our Clearinghouse Resources.